### The National Curriculum for Mathematics

**Number & Place Value**

Our children will be taught to:

◦count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

◦count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of 2s, 5s and 10s

◦given a number, identify 1 more and 1 less

◦identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least

◦read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.

**Addition & Subtraction**

Our children will be taught to:

◦read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs

◦represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

◦add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including 0

◦solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? – 9.

**Multiplication & Division**

Our children will be taught to:

◦solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.

**Fractions**

Our children will be taught to:

◦recognise, find and name a half as 1 of 2 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

◦recognise, find and name a quarter as 1 of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

**Measurement**

Our children will be taught to:

◦compare, describe and solve practical problems for: ◦lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]

◦mass / weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]

◦capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter]

◦time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]

◦measure and begin to record the following: ◦lengths and heights

◦mass/weight

◦capacity and volume

◦time (hours, minutes, seconds)

◦recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes

◦sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and

after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]

◦recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years

◦tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

**Properties of Shapes**

Our children will be taught to:

◦recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including: ◦2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]

◦3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres]

**Position and Direction**

Our children will be taught to:

◦describe position, directions and movements, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns.

**Number & Place Value**

Our children will be taught to:

◦count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward

◦recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (10s, 1s)

◦identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

◦compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

◦read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

◦use place value and number facts to solve problems.

**Addition & Subtraction**

Our children will be taught to:

◦solve problems with addition and subtraction: ◦using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

◦applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

◦recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

◦add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: ◦a two-digit number and 1s

◦a two-digit number and 10s

◦2 two-digit numbers

◦adding 3 one-digit numbers

◦show that addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot

◦recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

**Multiplication & Division**

Our children will be taught to:

◦recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

◦calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

◦show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot

◦solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

**Fractions**

Our children will be taught to:

◦recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

◦write simple fractions, for example 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.

**Measurement**

Our children will be taught to:

◦choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

◦compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

◦recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

◦find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

◦solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

◦If compare and sequence intervals of time

◦tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

◦know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day

**Properties of Shapes**

Our children will be taught to:

◦identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

◦identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

◦identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes [for example, a circle on a cylinder

and a triangle on a pyramid]

◦compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

**Position & Direction**

Our children will be taught to:

◦order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

◦use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).

**Statistics**

Our children will be taught to:

◦interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and tables

◦ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

◦ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.